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Tibet Travel Guide

Tibet Travel Guide

Tibet, a rich and beautiful land, is located at the main part of Qinghai-Tibet plateau, south-West frontier of China. Tibet borders with Sichuan, Yuannan, Qinghai And Xinjiang; to the south contiguous to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma, and bounded by Kashmir on the west.

Geographically, Tibet can be divided into three majoy parts, the east, north and south. The eastern part is forest region. The northern part is open grassland, where nomads and yak and sheep dwell here. This part occupies approximately half of Tibet. The southern and central part is agricultural region, occupying about one-fourth of Tibet's land area. with all major Tibetan cities and towns such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse ad Tsetang located in this area, it is considered the cultural center of tibet. The total area of the Tibet Autonomous Region is 1,200,000 square kilometers and its population is 1,890,000.

Tibet Tourism

Tibet has abundant cultural and historical relics that can be explored to develop tourism.  Some cultural relics are under state-level protection such as the Jokhang Temple, the Potala Palace, Norbulingka Palace,  Ganden, Drepung and Sera monasteries(???), Octagons Streets, Guge Castle, The Tombs of the Ancient Kings and Samye Monastery. Of which, the Potala Palace is listed in the World's Cultural Heritage by the UNESCO.

In 2000, over 150,000 tourists (+38.9%) visited the region and generated revenue of US$52 million, increased 44.4% over 1999.

People

Ideology of people in this land differs greatly from any other nationality both at home in china and in the world. Religion seems almost everthing. Many live for the next life, rather than for the present. They accumulate deeds of virtue and pray for the final liberation-enlightenment

Climate

Basically, the Tibetan climate is not as harsh as many people imagine.  The best time of year to be in Tibet is from April to the beginning of November, after which temperatures start to plummet. The central Tibet, including Lhasa, Gyantse, Shigatse and Tsedang, generally has very mild weather from April to November, though July and August can be rainy - these two months usually see around half of Tibet's annual rainfall. October and November often bring some dazzling clear weather and daytime temperatures can be quite comfortable at Tibet's lower altitude.

The coldest months are from December to February. It is not impossible to visit Tibet in winter. The low altitude valleys of Tibet (around Lhasa, Shigatse and Tsedang) see very little snow. Spring does not really get under way until April, though March can have warm sunny days and is not necessarily a bad month to be in Tibet.

Tibetan Custom:

Presenting Hada

Present hada is a common practice among the Tibetan people to express their best wishes on many occasions, such as wedding ceremonies, festivals etc.

Proposing a Toast and Tea

Proposing a Toast and Tea When you come to a Tibetan family, the host will propose a toast, usually barley wine.

Greetings

Greetings Don't forget to add "la"after saying hello to the Tibetan people to show respect. Try not to make any sounds while eating and drinking.

Sky Burials

Sky burial is a common form in Tibet. There are many prohibitions. Strangers are not allowed to attend the ceremony. Visitors should respect this custom and keep away from such occasions.

Relegion

The Tibetan Buddhism was introduced to Tibet from the mainland and India in the seventh century. The Tibetan Buddhism consists of four major sects, the Ge-lug-pa(Yellow) Sect, the Nying-ma-pa(Red)Sec, the Saturday-kya-pa(Variegated) Sect, and the Ka-gyu-pa(White) Sect.

Festival  
  • Tibetan New Year    
  • The Monlam Festival    
  • Butter Oil Lantern Festival    
  • Saga Dawa Festival    
  • Horse Racing Festival, Gyantse    
  • Chubacexi Festival    
  • Yalong Cultural Festival    
  • Shoton Festival    
  • Qiangtang Kyanggen Horse Racing Festival,etc.   
Tibetan Food

The staple food include roasted highland barley flour, wheat flour, meat, or red food, and milk, or white food. Local flavors in the pastoral areas are mutton sausage, and dried beef.

The flavor of the Tibetan food is fresh, light ,andtender. Salt, onion, and garlic are the main ingredients. There are many restaurants in Lhasa, Shigatse, and Zetang, All restaurants of various classes are decorated and furnished in the traditional Tibetan style. Diners can enjoy delicious Tibetan Tibetan dishes as well as chinese food. High on the menu are such flavors as sausages, barley wine, butter oil tea, beef and mutton eaten with the hands, yak tongue, steamed buns, zanba made from highland barley, pastries, sweet tea, butter tea, dried beef, and xiapuqing, or minced mutton and beef.

Tourist Attractions

Mindroling Monastery
It is one of the six most famous Tibetan Buddhism monasteries of the Nyingmapa Sect. The monastery was originally built in the late 10th century.

Chambaling Monastery
The monastery, in Chamdo Town, was founded in 1444 by one of Tsong Khapas disciples. The monastery has usually kept a close relationship with past Chinese governments.

Chamdo Town
Chamdo is the middle point of the Sichuan-Tibetan Highway. You can see Dege and Baiyu in Sichuan Province in the east on the other side of the river.

Zezhol Monastery
This monastery is different from other monasteries since it is an important religious center of the Tibetan indigenous religion-Bon, which lost its dominance in Tibet after Buddhism overwhelmed.

Mt. Kailash and Lake Manasarova
Mt. Kailash and Lake Manasarova is located at Tibet Plateau which has many nice legends. And it is also a pilgrimage centre.

Museums in Tibet
  • Khotan Cultural Museum
  • Turpan Museum
Temples in Tibet
  • Chokorgyel Monastery
  • Dorje Drak
  • Drepung Monastery
  • Drongtse Monastery
  • Dzogchen Monastery
  • Ganden Monastery
  • Jokhang Monastery
  • Kathok
  • Khorzhak Monastery
  • Menri Monastery
  • Nechung
  • Palpung Monastery
  • Palyul
  • Ralung Monastery
  • Sakya Monastery
  • Samding Monastery
  • Samdrup Tarjayling
  • Samye
  • Sera Monastery
  • Shechen
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